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What's the government response timeline for Canada?

Response timeline
Response versus cases

COVID-19 government response timeline for Canada

Find out what policies Canada has implemented to combat the pandemic.
Jan 22nd, 2020Jan 22
Level 1 of 4
C8: International travel controls - screening arrivalsDetails
Federal government implements some enhanced border controls https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection.html ........ addition from Joanna Klimczak: "messaging will appear on arrivals screens at the Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver airports reminding travellers from Wuhan to tell a border service officer if they have flu-like symptoms. A health screening question will also be added to electronic kiosks" https://vancouversun.com/news/local-news/b-c-health-officials-still-have-a-lot-to-learn-about-new-china-coronavirus/
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Jan 25th, 2020Jan 25
Level 1 of 3
H2: Testing policy - only those who both (a) have symptoms AND (b) meet specific criteria (eg key workers, admitted to hospital, came into contact with a known case, returned from overseas)Details
Mar 9th, 2020Mar 09
Level 2 of 3
H2: Testing policy - testing of anyone showing Covid-19 symptomsDetails
Date of extended testing also unknown, however, while not all were tested, the policy was extended with the addition of "assessment centres" which are meant for all those showing symptoms Sources: https://montrealgazette.com/news/local-news/quebec-ramps-up-covid-19-testing-with-goal-to-do-12000-a-day/
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Mar 11th, 2020Mar 11
Level 2 of 2
H1: Public information campaigns - coordinated public information campaign (eg across traditional and social media)Details
PM Justin Trudeau announces 50m CAD announced for Public Health Agency of Canada's public information campaign: https://pm.gc.ca/en/news/news-releases/2020/03/11/prime-minister-outlines-canadas-covid-19-response
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Mar 12th, 2020Mar 12
Level 0 of 3
C1: School closing - no measuresDetails
School closure announcement (policy was effective on March 16) https://globalnews.ca/news/6668240/coronavirus-ontario-schools-closed/
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Mar 12th, 2020Mar 12
Level 2 of 2
C3: Cancel public events - require cancellingDetails
Alberta and BC both direct events over 250 people to be cancelled https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/alberta-covid-coronavirus-1.5496924
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Mar 13th, 2020Mar 13
Level 1 of 4
C8: International travel controls - screening arrivalsDetails
"Canada advises Canadians to avoid all non-essential travel outside of Canada until further notice", no additional policy implemented yet https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection.html
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Mar 14th, 2020Mar 14
Level 1 of 3
C6: Stay at home requirements - recommend not leaving houseDetails
Quebec Premier François Legault advises 'all people who are above the age of 70 to avoid leaving their homes unless absolutely necessary'. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/covid-19-march14-1.5497961
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Mar 15th, 2020Mar 15
Level 2 of 2
E1: Income support - government is replacing 50% or more of lost salary (or if a flat sum, it is greater than 50% median salary)Details
The Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS) supports employers that are hardest hit by the pandemic, and protect the jobs Canadians depend on. The subsidy generally covers 75% of an employee's wages – up to $847 per week - for employers of all sizes and across all sectors who have suffered a drop in gross revenues of at least 15% in March, and 30% in April and May. The program will be in place for a 12-week period, from March 15 to June 6, 2020. Also, the Canadian government will provide a taxable benefit of $2,000 every 4 weeks for up to 16 weeks to eligible workers who have lost their income due to COVID-19 under the Canadian Emergency Response Benefit. https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/economic-response-plan.html Then go to businesses
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Mar 16th, 2020Mar 16
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
9 of 13 provinces & territories across Canada close schools on March 16th: -Ontario (announced March 12, effective March 16): https://globalnews.ca/news/6668240/coronavirus-ontario-schools-closed/ -Quebec (announced March 13, effective March 16): https://montreal.ctvnews.ca/covid-19-quebec-to-close-all-daycares-schools-cegeps-and-universities-for-at-least-two-weeks-1.4851790 -Alberta (announced March 15, effective March 16): https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/edmonton/covid-coronavirus-update-hinshaw-alberta-edmonton-1.5498467 -Prince Edward Island (announced March 15, effective March 16): https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-covid-19-sunday-evening-press-briefing-1.5498653 -New Brunswick (announced March 13, effective March 16): https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/covid-19-new-brunswick-coronavirus-1.5496547 -Nova Scotia (announced Marc 15, effective March 16): https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/nova-scotia-presumptive-cases-covid-19-coronavirus-1.5498463 -Manitoba (announced March 13, effective March 16): https://winnipeg.ctvnews.ca/manitoba-is-closing-all-of-its-schools-due-to-covid-19-1.4852176 -Newfoundland (announced March 16, effective March 16 – school were open March 18/19 only for students to go pick up their things at scheduled staggered times): https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/covid-19-march-16-nl-schools-1.5498831 -North West Territories (no provincial nor federal government have the authority to close NWT schools - it’s the school districts that do. The NWT government therefore highly recommended that schools be closed as of March 16): https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/nwt-schools-closed-until-after-easter-1.5499170 It’s important to note that most of the provinces and territories were already planning on being closed the week of March 16 for their regular, one-week “March break”. These regions announced that school closure would extend past March break for multiple weeks (in many cases for two-three weeks after).
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Mar 16th, 2020Mar 16
Level 2 of 2
C3: Cancel public events - require cancellingDetails
BC directs events over 50 people to be cancelled https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2020HLTH0086-000499
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Mar 16th, 2020Mar 16
Level 3 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings between 11-100 peopleDetails
The federal government instituted a ban on all gatherings of 50 or more. see: https://nationalpost.com/news/covid-19-time-for-feds-to-take-the-helm-on-social-distancing-measures-experts-say
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Mar 16th, 2020Mar 16
Level 1 of 3
C6: Stay at home requirements - recommend not leaving houseDetails
When announcing border closures, President Justin Trudeau says "“All Canadians as much as possible should stay home" https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/16/justin-trudeau-closes-canada-borders-coronavirus
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Mar 16th, 2020Mar 16
Level 1 of 4
C8: International travel controls - screening arrivalsDetails
New advice by the government, but no additional policy enacted yet: "Canada advises travellers entering Canada to self-isolate for 14 days" https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection.html
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Mar 17th, 2020Mar 17
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
Nunavut closes schools (joining 9 of 13 other provinces and territories which already closed schools) - https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/nunavut-school-closing-covid-19-1.5499125
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Mar 18th, 2020Mar 18
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
British Columbia schools close (joining 10 of 13 other provinces and territories which already closed schools): https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/british-columbia/article-western-canada-bc-joins-other-provinces-in-shuttering-schools/ -Yukon schools close (joining 10 of 13 other provinces and territories which already closed schools): https://www.yukon-news.com/news/yukon-college-territorys-public-schools-shut-doors-amid-covid-19-concerns/
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Mar 18th, 2020Mar 18
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Mar 18th, 2020Mar 18
Level 4 of 4
C8: International travel controls - ban on all regions or total border closureDetails
Borders shut to all foreign nationals (except Americans on essential travel and Canadians returning home) https://www.canada.ca/en/transport-canada/news/2020/03/new-measures-for-covid-19-response.html Old unarchived link (that doesn't exist any more!): https://www.canada.ca/en/transport-canada/news/2020/03/new-measures-for-covid-19-response.html
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Mar 18th, 2020Mar 18
Level 1 of 2
E2: Debt/contract relief - narrow relief, specific to one kind of contractDetails
"The Government, through Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), is providing increased flexibility for homeowners facing financial difficulties to defer mortgage payments on homeowner CMHC-insured mortgage loans. CMHC will permit lenders to allow payment deferral beginning immediately." https://www.canada.ca/en/department-finance/news/2020/03/canadas-covid-19-economic-response-plan-support-for-canadians-and-businesses.html https://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/finance-and-investing/mortgage-loan-insurance/the-resource/covid19-understanding-mortgage-payment-deferral
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Mar 19th, 2020Mar 19
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Mar 19th, 2020Mar 19
Level 3 of 3
H2: Testing policy - open public testing (eg "drive through" testing available to asymptomatic people)Details
Mar 20th, 2020Mar 20
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
March 20th: Saskatchewan schools close (joining the rest of the provinces and territories which already closed schools. Announced March 17, effective March 20th): https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/saskatchewan/school-saskatchewan-covid-19-coronavirus-1.5500225
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Mar 20th, 2020Mar 20
Level 2 of 2
C7: Restrictions on internal movement - internal movement restrictions in placeDetails
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Mar 21st, 2020Mar 21
Level 2 of 2
C7: Restrictions on internal movement - internal movement restrictions in placeDetails
North West Territories restricts movement of non residents into NWT for any non-essential work https://archive.fo/wip/bX1XJ
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Mar 22nd, 2020Mar 22
Level 2 of 2
C3: Cancel public events - require cancellingDetails
Mar 23rd, 2020Mar 23
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
Every province/territory has sub-regional restrictions in place on gatherings. A large majority fall within <10 people. Limits in # of people gathering by province: Quebec: 2 Ontario: 5 Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador and Yukon: <10 Northwest Territories, Prince Edward Island and Nunavut: 0 / no gatherings Alberta:15 British Columbia: 50 See: https://nationalpost.com/news/covid-19-time-for-feds-to-take-the-helm-on-social-distancing-measures-experts-say
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Mar 24th, 2020Mar 24
Mar 24th, 2020Mar 24
Mar 26th, 2020Mar 26
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Mar 28th, 2020Mar 28
Mar 28th, 2020Mar 28
Level 2 of 2
C3: Cancel public events - require cancellingDetails
Mar 29th, 2020Mar 29
Mar 31st, 2020Mar 31
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
All public schools across Canada remain closed. On March 31st, Ontario government announces that school closure will extend at least until May 1st for teachers and May 4th for students: https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2020/03/ontario-extends-school-and-child-care-closures-to-fight-spread-of-covid-19.html https://globalnews.ca/news/6755700/coronavirus-ford-government-e-learning-covid-19/ On March 31st, Manitoba government announces that school closure will extend indefinitely: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/pallister-education-minister-covid-19-measures-1.5516053 On March 31st, Nunavut government announces that school closure will extend until April 20th: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/nunavut-schools-daycares-closed-covid19-1.5516822 Additional comments on all schools: https://www.cbc.ca/player/play/1718857283912
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Mar 31st, 2020Mar 31
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
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Mar 31st, 2020Mar 31
Level 2 of 2
C3: Cancel public events - require cancellingDetails
The federal government only recommends cancellation of public events: "The Public Health Agency of Canada recommends that event organizers and planners cancel or postpone in-person gatherings in alignment with the recommendations of their local public health authorities, and where possible, offer virtual/online alternatives." https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/health-professionals/mass-gatherings-risk-assesment.html Some local governments, though, have imposed bans on public events (e.g. Calgary: https://globalnews.ca/news/6853257/calgary-cancels-public-events-august-31/) whereas other have not explicit such bans (e.g. BC: http://www.bccdc.ca/health-info/diseases-conditions/covid-19/event-planning)
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Mar 31st, 2020Mar 31
Level 0 of 2
C5: Close public transport - no measuresDetails
Mar 31st, 2020Mar 31
Level 2 of 2
C7: Restrictions on internal movement - internal movement restrictions in placeDetails
PEI, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Manitoba all have 14 isolation measures in place for interprovincial travel, as well as restrictions for some https://archive.fo/wip/2pPAL
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Apr 1st, 2020Apr 01
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Apr 2nd, 2020Apr 02
Level 1 of 3
C6: Stay at home requirements - recommend not leaving houseDetails
From news article: "Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said too many Canadians were still going out needlessly, potentially spreading the coronavirus and putting health-care workers at unnecessary risk. At the same time, Trudeau said he was leaning on restrictions provinces have put in place rather than issuing a mandatory national stay-home order. “We’re not quite yet at that point,” Trudeau said." https://globalnews.ca/news/6766838/coronavirus-canada-trudeau/
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Apr 4th, 2020Apr 04
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Quebec announce that from May 4th,'retail businesses situated elsewhere than in the territory of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal (CMM) are open. They also outline when further reopenings will be occuring. https://www.quebec.ca/en/health/health-issues/a-z/2019-coronavirus/gradual-resumption-activities-covid19-related-pause/ Saskatchewan outline reopening plans, and on May 4th: 'Allow public access to the following previously restricted medical services: dentistry, optometry, physical therapy, optician services, podiatry, occupational therapy and chiropractic treatment.' https://pubsaskdev.blob.core.windows.net/pubsask-prod/117638/Re-Open%252BSaskatchewan%252B-%252BMay%252B8.pdf
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Apr 7th, 2020Apr 07
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
No change in policy vs. prior days
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Apr 7th, 2020Apr 07
Level 3 of 3
H2: Testing policy - open public testing (eg "drive through" testing available to asymptomatic people)Details
Each province has own testing policies, as outlined in this article: https://globalnews.ca/news/6916991/national-coronavirus-testing-strategy-canada/
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Apr 7th, 2020Apr 07
Level 1 of 2
H3: Contact tracing - limited contact tracing; not done for all casesDetails
No change (though some discussion about increased efforts to plan for future implementation) https://globalnews.ca/news/6805017/coronavirus-canada-contact-tracing-volunteers/
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Apr 17th, 2020Apr 17
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
These restrictions are targeted at each individual province: BC: less than 50 AB: less than 15 Sask: less than 10 MTB: less than 10 Ontario: less than 5 QUE: prohibited NB: less than 10 NS: less than 5 PEI: prohibited NFLD/LBDR: less than 10 Yukon: less than 10 NWT: prohinited NVT: prohibited Source: https://archive.vn/wip/pX3GU
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Apr 17th, 2020Apr 17
Level 1 of 2
H3: Contact tracing - limited contact tracing; not done for all casesDetails
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Apr 18th, 2020Apr 18
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
Regions have extended the closure of schools. Ontario extended till May 31 https://globalnews.ca/news/6870052/coronavirus-ontario-schools-closed-may-31/
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Apr 18th, 2020Apr 18
Level 4 of 4
C8: International travel controls - ban on all regions or total border closureDetails
Travel to Canada is also currently being restricted for all foreign nationals coming from any country. These new restrictions prohibit foreign nationals, including U.S. nationals, from entering Canada for non-essential travel. https://travel.gc.ca/travelling/health-safety/travel-health-notices/221 https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/news/2020/04/government-of-canada-updates-mandatory-requirements-for-travellers-entering-canada.html The Government of Canada's Emergency Order under the Quarantine Act already requires persons entering Canada—whether by air, land or sea —to isolate for 14 days if they have symptoms of COVID-19, or to quarantine themselves for 14 days if they are asymptomatic to limit the spread of COVID-19
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Apr 26th, 2020Apr 26
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
Most provinces have announced the enlarging of public gatherings. In some parts (e.g. Saskatchewan) they are still limited to less than 10 people: https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/reopening-canada-provinces-ontario-quebec-saskatchewan-alberta
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Apr 27th, 2020Apr 27
Level 4 of 4
C8: International travel controls - ban on all regions or total border closureDetails
Apr 27th, 2020Apr 27
Level 2 of 2
H1: Public information campaigns - coordinated public information campaign (eg across traditional and social media)Details
"The Government of Canada has undertaken significant communications and public education on COVID-19 to inform Canadians of the Government's action, to help them make informed decisions and to enable them to take action to protect their health and their communities." https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/canadas-reponse/government-canada-takes-action-covid-19.html Their website is very informative about COVID and the situation in Canada, plus it informs about responses of individual provinces: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/coronavirus-disease-covid-19.html
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May 1st, 2020May 01
Level 1 of 2
H3: Contact tracing - limited contact tracing; not done for all casesDetails
'Alberta is launching a voluntary mobile app to expand contact tracing for COVID-19 to help reduce the spread of the novel coronavirus.' https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/alberta/article-alberta-launches-canadas-first-covid-19-mobile-contact-tracing-app/
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May 8th, 2020May 08
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
New Brunswick moves to 'Phase 2' on May 8th, whereby some businesses are reopening. 'Businesses may open immediately, but it is up to each business operator to decide if they are ready and if all guidelines have been met.' https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/symptoms/provincial-territorial-resources-covid-19.html Newfoundland and Labrador remain on 'alert level 5' which means all but essential businesses are closed. https://www.gov.nl.ca/covid-19/alert-system/alert-level-5/ Ontario allows opening of professional sports training facilities, garden centres and nurseries will be able to open for in-store payment and purchases, operating under the same guidelines as grocery stores and pharmacies from May 8th. https://news.ontario.ca/mtc/en/2020/05/ontario-eases-restrictions-on-professional-sports-training-facilities.html https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2020/05/ontario-further-eases-restrictions-on-retail-stores-and-essential-construction-during-covid-19.html
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May 8th, 2020May 08
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
From May 8th, Price Edward Island ease restrictions so: 'Members of the same household may gather indoors with up to 5 other individuals from different households. Members of the same household may gather outdoors with up to 10 other individuals from different households. Maintaining physical distancing is important during any gatherings with those from outside your household. You may extend your household unit by one or two members, who are important to supporting your household or who you feel may need closer contact and support (ex: hug, handshake, etc.)' https://www.princeedwardisland.ca/en/news/prince-edward-island-eases-more-covid-19-restrictions
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May 10th, 2020May 10
Level 1 of 3
C6: Stay at home requirements - recommend not leaving houseDetails
From the Globe and Mail (trusted media source in Canada) overview of requirements and re-opening plans (originally posted April 1, updated May 14): "Stay at home: All the country’s top public health officials have urged Canadians to avoid going out unless absolutely necessary for grocery runs, exercise or medical emergencies. If you’ve got COVID-19 symptoms like dry coughing, fever or difficulty breathing, or have been in contact with someone showing those symptoms, self-isolation for 14 days is crucial. In jurisdictions like Toronto, sick people (or those suspected to be sick) can be fined or arrested for refusing self-isolation." https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/
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May 10th, 2020May 10
Level 2 of 2
C7: Restrictions on internal movement - internal movement restrictions in placeDetails
There are no general, national restrictions on internal movement. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/ Some provinces have 14-day self-isolation requirements, restrictions on travel inside the province, some are restricting entry. Manitoba: "anyone entering Manitoba, regardless of whether it was from another country or another province must self-isolate for 14 days until such time as the orders are terminated by the chief provincial public health officer. In addition, travel to northern Manitoba (north of the 53rd parallel of latitude) and to remote communities that are not connected to the provincial highway system by a year-round all-weather road is prohibited until the orders are terminated by the chief provincial public health officer." https://www.gov.mb.ca/covid19/soe.html In Newfoundland and Labrador: "Effective May 4, 2020, the only individuals permitted to enter the province are those who are: Residents of Newfoundland and Labrador; Asymptomatic workers and individuals who are subject to the Updated Exemption Order effective April 22, 2020; and Individuals who have been permitted entry to the province in extenuating circumstances, as approved in advance by the Chief Medical Officer of Health. All other individuals are prohibited from entering Newfoundland and Labrador." https://www.gov.nl.ca/covid-19/travel-restrictions/
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May 10th, 2020May 10
Level 3 of 3
H2: Testing policy - open public testing (eg "drive through" testing available to asymptomatic people)Details
Most provinces require symptoms for testing, however montreal continues to have walk-in testing clinics. https://santemontreal.qc.ca/en/public/coronavirus-covid-19/ Overview of testing across provinces and territories: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/
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May 11th, 2020May 11
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
May 11th, 2020May 11
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Newfoundland and Labrador shifts to Alert Level 4, allowing for some additional offices to reopen: golf courses and driving ranges, regulated childcare, accounting firms, law firms, financial services (in person service is allowed, however work from home policies are still encouraged), garden centres, animal daycare centres, however retail stores that do not offer essential services remain closed. https://www.gov.nl.ca/releases/2020/health/0510n02/ Quebec: Starting on May 11, additional enterprises in the mining sector and manufacturing enterprises, construction sector, providers of goods and services to mining, manufacturing, and construction, etc. allowed to reopen. https://www.quebec.ca/en/health/health-issues/a-z/2019-coronavirus/gradual-resumption-activities-covid19-related-pause/ Ontario: Starting on May 11 -- places of business may open for sales, as long as they use alternative methods of sale (curb side pickup or delivery), have alternative public entrance that opens onto a street, or limited access. https://www.ontario.ca/page/list-essential-workplaces Nova Scotia: Extended State of Emergency to May 17, with required closing but essential. https://novascotia.ca/coronavirus/what-it-means-for-nova-scotians/
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May 11th, 2020May 11
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
Newfoundland & Labrador: Allows for gatherings of up to 10 people for funerals, burials, weddings, with physical distancing. https://www.gov.nl.ca/releases/2020/health/0510n02/
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May 15th, 2020May 15
Level 2 of 2
E1: Income support - government is replacing 50% or more of lost salary (or if a flat sum, it is greater than 50% median salary)Details
Expanded support to research staff: "The Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, today announced $450 million in funding to help Canada’s academic research community during the COVID-19 pandemic. The investment will: Provide wage supports to universities and health research institutes, so they can retain research staff who are funded from industry or philanthropic sources and are unable to access some of the government’s existing COVID-19 support measures. This would apply even if their work has been temporarily suspended. The government will provide up to 75 per cent per individual, with a maximum of $847 per week. Support universities and health research institutes to maintain essential research-related activities during the crisis, and to ramp back up to full research operations once physical distancing measures are lifted. This will cover up to 75 per cent of total eligible costs, and will support activities such as the safe storage of dangerous substances, and restarting data sets that were interrupted during the pandemic. This investment is part of the Government of Canada’s COVID-19 Economic Response Plan, which has helped protect Canadian jobs, and committed billions in support to Canadians and businesses facing hardship as a result of the pandemic. It will help sustain Canada’s research excellence and protect our research talent, in support of the COVID-19 response and the post-pandemic economic recovery." https://pm.gc.ca/en/news/news-releases/2020/05/15/prime-minister-announces-support-research-staff-canada
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May 25th, 2020May 25
Level 1 of 2
E2: Debt/contract relief - narrow relief, specific to one kind of contractDetails
Not for households, but aimed to have an effect: "The Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, today announced that applications are now being accepted for Canada Emergency Commercial Rent Assistance (CECRA) for small businesses. Over the course of the program, property owners will reduce rent by at least 75 per cent for the months of April and May (retroactive), and June, for their small business tenants. CECRA will cover 50 per cent of the rent, with the tenant paying up to 25 per cent and the property owner forgiving at least 25 per cent." https://pm.gc.ca/en/news/news-releases/2020/05/25/canada-emergency-commercial-rent-assistance-now-open-applications
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May 29th, 2020May 29
Level 2 of 2
E1: Income support - government is replacing 50% or more of lost salary (or if a flat sum, it is greater than 50% median salary)Details
Additional income support provided for indigenous communities: "$270 million to supplement the On-Reserve Income Assistance Program to address increased demand on the program, which will help individuals and families meet their essential living expenses. It will also help hire additional staff to better serve First Nations communities and connect individuals to other government programs." https://pm.gc.ca/en/news/news-releases/2020/05/29/prime-minister-announces-additional-funding-health-economic-and
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Jun 5th, 2020Jun 05
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Nova Scotia: From 5th of June on: 5 June 2020, among other, -Restaurants can reopen for table service (dine-in) if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plan. -Liquor licensed (drinking) establishments (like bars, wineries, distillery tasting rooms and craft taprooms) can reopen if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plan. -Personal services (like hair salons, barber shops, spas, nail salons and body art establishments) can reopen if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plans. -Fitness establishments (like gyms, yoga studios and climbing facilities) can reopen if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plans. -Self-regulated health professions can provide in-person or virtual care services if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plans. -Unregulated (non-regulated) health professions can provide in-person or virtual care services if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plans. https://novascotia.ca/coronavirus/restriction-updates/
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Jun 12th, 2020Jun 12
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Ontario: -From 12th of June on, Ontario will be taking a regional approach to move into Stage 2. As directed by the province, each region will be permitted to enter Stage 2 when safe to do so as public health criteria outlined in the framework are met. -Places that can open in Stage 2 include Personal care services, Personal services, Restaurants & bars, Shopping malls & centres -While Stage 2 businesses and workplaces can open, dates and approaches may vary based on each community's local needs and the ability of each business or service to meet workplace safety guidelines and public health advice. https://www.ontario.ca/web/20200623162802mp_/ https://www.ontario.ca/page/reopening-ontario-whats-each-stage
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Jun 12th, 2020Jun 12
Level 2 of 2
C3: Cancel public events - require cancellingDetails
As provinces re-open, several, such as British Columbia, have maintained that "Sporting events, concerts and international tourism only resume under Phase 4, which is contingent on an effective vaccine or treatment or some form of “community immunity” to the virus." https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/
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Jun 12th, 2020Jun 12
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
Ontario: Venues not otherwise restricted can open to conduct wedding ceremonies, funerals and similar gatherings within existing public health restrictions. Events will be required to comply with limits for social gatherings of up to 10 people. https://www.ontario.ca/web/20200623162802mp_/ https://www.ontario.ca/page/reopening-ontario-whats-each-stage
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Jun 15th, 2020Jun 15
Level 3 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for all-but-essential workplaces (eg grocery stores, doctors)Details
Nova Scotia: From 15th of June on -Family daycare homes under a family home daycare agency (licensed childcare providers) can reopen if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plan. The sector-specific plan should follow guidance from Public Health. -Daycare facilities (licensed daycare facilities) can reopen if they follow the Health Protection Act Order and their sector-specific plan. The sector-specific plan should follow guidance from Public Health. https://novascotia.ca/coronavirus/restriction-updates/
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Jun 18th, 2020Jun 18
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
Nova Scotia: From 18th June on: -Family household bubbles are replaced with a 10-person gathering limit without social distancing -Gathering limit increased to 50 people for indoor and outdoor gatherings with social distancing https://novascotia.ca/coronavirus/restriction-updates/
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Jun 22nd, 2020Jun 22
Level 2 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for some sectors or categories of workersDetails
As of June 22, every province and territory had opened up some non-essential businesses with social distancing and public health measures in place, with the last to re-open non-essential businesses being Montreal, QC: "Since May, Montreal has reopened at a much slower pace than the rest of Quebec, but relaxation measures introduced on June 22 brought them a little closer together: Restaurants can now have dine-in service province wide, and gyms, arenas, concert venues and movie theatres can open too. Montreal-area elementary schools will stay closed until at least August, but they’re open everywhere else. High schools, CÉGEPs and universities won’t have in-person classes until the fall." https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/
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Jun 26th, 2020Jun 26
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
Ontario, New Brunswick, and Yukon still maintain limit on public gatherings to 10 or fewer. /web/20200707203523/ https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/
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Jun 26th, 2020Jun 26
Level 1 of 3
C6: Stay at home requirements - recommend not leaving houseDetails
"Stay at home: The country’s top public health officials have urged Canadians to avoid going out unless necessary for grocery runs, exercise or medical emergencies, but the relaxation of local states of emergency has given people a wider range of activities, with physical distancing in place. But if you’ve got COVID-19 symptoms like dry coughing, fever or difficulty breathing, or have been in contact with someone showing those symptoms, self-isolation for 14 days is crucial." https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/
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Jun 26th, 2020Jun 26
Level 2 of 2
C7: Restrictions on internal movement - internal movement restrictions in placeDetails
Some Provinces and Territories maintain restrictions on travel within and across provinces/territories. In the the North West Territories: "Travel through all points of entry into the territory, both air and road, is prohibited except for essential workers. Anyone entering has to self-isolate in either Yellowknife, Inuvik, Hay River or Fort Smith, and cannot self-isolate in a small community." https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/
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Jun 26th, 2020Jun 26
Level 4 of 4
C8: International travel controls - ban on all regions or total border closureDetails
Quarantine act remains in place, requiring canadians returning home to quarantine for 14 days. Canada-US Border Restrictions extended until July 21, 2020. https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/latest-travel-health-advice.html
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Jul 9th, 2020Jul 09
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
Most provinces have all schools closed until Sept. Including: NB: Schools planned to open for Sept. 2020 https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/education/news/news_release.2020.06.0344.html Whereas QC has opened some schools: Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Schools IV and V, as well as general education and vocational training, plans to reopen Sept 2020. Since May 11, preschools and elementary schools have been gradually reopening their doors to students in all regions of Québec, with the exception of those located in the Montréal metropolitain community (CMM), the regional county municipality of Joliette and the town of l’Épiphanie, which will remain closed until late August. Secondary schools will also remain closed until the end of August. https://www.quebec.ca/en/education/back-to-school-plan-fall-covid-19/ https://www.quebec.ca/en/health/health-issues/a-z/2019-coronavirus/gradual-resumption-activities-covid19-related-pause/
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Jul 9th, 2020Jul 09
Level 2 of 3
C2: Workplace closing - require closing (or work from home) for some sectors or categories of workersDetails
Some provinces are allowing workplaces to open, with COVID management strategies in place, like Nova Scotia: Businesses and organizations can reopen, yet must develop and comply with a COVID-19 prevenion plan. https://novascotia.ca/coronavirus/restriction-updates/ https://novascotia.ca/reopening-nova-scotia/prevention-plans/ While other provinces still require certain workplaces to remain closed, like Alberta: In Stage 2 (as of June 12) several workplaces have reopened, yet some remain closed (amusement parks, nightclubs, etc.) Full reopening of business and services will occur at stage three. https://www.alberta.ca/alberta-relaunch-strategy.aspx All provinces maintain that people should work from home, if possible.
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Jul 9th, 2020Jul 09
Level 2 of 2
C3: Cancel public events - require cancellingDetails
Many provinces maintain that large public events remain cancelled until a vaccine, or adequate immunity is built, like BC where It isn't until Phase 4 (which is dependent on vaccination, broad immunity, or treatments) that large Conventions, Live audience professional sports, and Concerts can occur. https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/safety/emergency-preparedness-response-recovery/covid-19-provincial-support/phase-4 Other provinces have allowed small public events to go ahead with COVID management plans in place, like Newfoundland & Labrador: Event spaces must maintain same restrictions as those on gatherings: "Performance venues will have a maximum capacity of 50 people, including artists, as long as physical distancing of 2 meters between individuals can be maintained." https://www.gov.nl.ca/covid-19/information-sheets-for-businesses-and-workplaces/theatres-and-performance-venues/
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Jul 9th, 2020Jul 09
Level 4 of 4
C4: Restrictions on gatherings - restrictions on gatherings of 10 people or lessDetails
Varies across provinces. In PEI "Personal gathering limits remain at 15 people indoors and 20 people outdoors. Larger organized gatherings such as sports and recreation, day camps, weddings, funerals, burials and worship services are allowed with no more than 50 people indoor or outdoor." https://www.princeedwardisland.ca/en/information/health-and-wellness/gatherings-guidance-phase-4 Whereas Ontario, As if June 12, "regardless of where you live in Ontario, social gathering limits will be expanded to up to 10 people. People must still practice physical distancing, by keeping at least two metres away from others outside of their direct household. This change to social gathering size will apply to people across the province, regardless of whether their region has moved into Stage 2." (web archive not working) https://www.ontario.ca/page/framework-reopening-our-province-stage-2#section-0
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Jul 9th, 2020Jul 09
Level 1 of 3
C6: Stay at home requirements - recommend not leaving houseDetails
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Jul 9th, 2020Jul 09
Level 2 of 2
C7: Restrictions on internal movement - internal movement restrictions in placeDetails
Many provinces have some form of restrictions on internal movement across provincial borders. Such as New Brunswick: Canadian residents entering New Brunswick: Canadian residents who own property in New Brunswick OR Canadian residents, who have family in NB will be permitted to enter the province and access their property or visit family but must adhere to Public Health guidelines while in the province, including self-isolating for 14 days upon entry or the duration of the visit if shorter than 14 days. Canadians are encouraged to plan ahead before entering the province including packing or having a friend pick up groceries or other required products. Canadians are to go directly to their property and make no trips to local stores during their isolation. Effective Friday, July 3, residents of the Atlantic provinces will be able to travel within the four provinces without the requirement to self-isolate. On July 3rd, New Brunswickers will be able to cross interprovincial borders into the other Atlantic provinces without the need to self-isolate provided they: Have not traveled outside of the Atlantic provinces for any reason, including work or personal travel, in the past 14 days; Have not come into contact with a known case of COVID-19 in the past 14 days; Have not been advised to self-isolate; Are not awaiting results of a COVID-19 test; Are not experiencing at least two of the following symptoms: fever above 38°C or signs of fever (such as chills); a new cough or worsening chronic cough; sore throat; runny nose; headache; a new onset of fatigue; a new onset of muscle pain; diarrhea; loss of sense of taste or loss of sense of smell; and in children, purple markings on the fingers or toes. Atlantic Canadians will be able to travel to and from New Brunswick without the requirement to self-isolate but will be asked to provide proof of their province of residence. Visitors from other Canadian provinces and territories must self-isolate for 14 days upon arrival and may then travel within the Maritime provinces. Each Atlantic province will choose its own public health processes to track and monitor people that enter their province. In addition, each of the provinces in the Atlantic bubble, may have distinct rules for health-care workers crossing interprovincial borders to enable them to manage their staffing requirements and the pressures within their respective health-care systems."" https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/corporate/promo/covid-19/recovery.html As per Public Health Order: all unnecesary travel to New Brunwick is prohibited. (With the above providing conditions for entry.) https://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Corporate/pdf/EmergencyUrgence19.pdf
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Jul 9th, 2020Jul 09
Level 3 of 3
H2: Testing policy - open public testing (eg "drive through" testing available to asymptomatic people)Details
Testing Policies determined by provinces & territories. https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/symptoms/testing.html Most common policy is to have a 'self-assessment' to inform whether someone needs to be tested, and are typically based on having symptoms, being in contact with someone that has tested positive, and/or travelling from somewhere. Some places offer walk-in or drive thru testing (ie. Montreal, QC: https://santemontreal.qc.ca/en/public/coronavirus-covid-19/testing-covid-19-in-montreal/) Based on coding at the most stringent level, for this reason, have coded as 3. Overview of Provinces & Territories Self-Assessments: BC Self-Assessment: https://bc.thrive.health/ AB Self-Assessment: https://myhealth.alberta.ca/journey/covid-19/Pages/COVID-Self-Assessment.aspx SK Self-Assessment Tool: https://www.saskatchewan.ca/government/health-care-administration-and-provider-resources/treatment-procedures-and-guidelines/emerging-public-health-issues/2019-novel-coronavirus/covid-19-self-assessment MB Self-Assessment Tool: https://sharedhealthmb.ca/covid19/screening-tool/ ON Self-Assessment Tool: QC Toll-Free Assessment line to speak with nurse: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/ NB Based on self-assessment tool: https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/ocmoh/cdc/content/respiratory_diseases/coronavirus/coronavirusexposure.html NS determined based on call with nurse: https://when-to-call-about-covid19.novascotia.ca/en NL Self-Assessment Tool: https://www.811healthline.ca/covid-19-self-assessment/ PEI self-assessment tool: https://www.princeedwardisland.ca/en/service/self-assessment-for-covid-19 Nunavut call if have symptoms to determine eligibility for testing: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-rules-by-province-physical-distancing-open-closed/ NWT Self-Assessment tool: https://www.gov.nt.ca/covid-19/en/services/nwt-online-covid-19-self-assessment-tool Yukon Self Assessment Tool: https://service.yukon.ca/en/covid-19-self-assessment/
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Jul 20th, 2020Jul 20
Level 3 of 3
C1: School closing - require closing all levelsDetails
Schools remained closed until September (when the new term/semester begins). At the moment, the governments investigate ways to make in-person teaching work. /web/20200811010514/ https://www.healtheuropa.eu/covid-19-and-infection-control-in-canada/101992/
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Jul 20th, 2020Jul 20
Level 4 of 4
C8: International travel controls - ban on all regions or total border closureDetails
Canada has extended its border closures to 21 August for non-essential travellers from the US and 31 August for travellers from all other countries, in hopes of staving off further outbreaks of COVID-19. /web/20200811010514/ https://www.healtheuropa.eu/covid-19-and-infection-control-in-canada/101992/
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Jul 31st, 2020Jul 31
Level 2 of 2
H3: Contact tracing - comprehensive contact tracing; done for all identified casesDetails
The COVID Alert app, launched on 31 July, uses code based on the Shopify app, security developed in collaboration with Blackberry, and exposure notification capability provided by Apple and Google. So far it is only fully functional in Ontario, but Canadians living in the other provinces are encouraged to download the app in order to facilitate an accelerated rollout over the next few months. /web/20200811010514/ https://www.healtheuropa.eu/covid-19-and-infection-control-in-canada/101992/
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About government response data
Data is collected from public sources by a team of over one hundred Oxford University students and staff from every part of the world. Please note: not all countries are equally up to date; for certain countries, some indicators will be missing for some days.
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Source:Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker...

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