Who is most at risk for the coronavirus?
Coronavirus can make anyone seriously ill. But some people are at a higher risk and need to take extra steps to avoid becoming unwell.
People at increased risk are usually 70 or older, pregnant or have a condition that may increase your risk from coronavirus.
Conditions that may increase your risk:
- Lung conditions, such as asthma, COPD, emphysema or bronchitis
- Heart disease, such as heart failure
- Chronic kidney disease
- Liver disease, such as hepatitis
- Conditions affecting the brain and nerves, such as Parkinson's disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), a learning disability or cerebral palsy
- Problems with your spleen – for example, sickle cell disease, or if you've had your spleen removed
- A weakened immune system as the result of conditions such as HIV and AIDS, or medicines such as steroid tablets or chemotherapy
- Being very overweight (having a BMI of 40 or above)
People most at risk from coronavirus are sometimes called 'shielded' or 'extremely vulnerable' people.
This includes people who:
- Have had an organ transplant
- Are having certain types of cancer treatment
- Have blood or bone marrow cancer, such as leukaemia
- Have a severe lung condition, such as cystic fibrosis or severe asthma
- Have a condition or are taking medicine that makes them much more likely to get infections
- Are pregnant and have a serious heart condition.